POSIX Programmer's Manual
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
NAME export — set the export attribute for variables
The shell shall give the export
attribute to the variables corresponding to the specified name
s, which shall cause them to be in the environment of subsequently executed commands. If the name of a variable is followed by =word
, then the value of that variable shall be set to word
special built-in shall support the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 12.2
, Utility Syntax Guidelines
is specified, export
shall write to the standard output the names and values of all exported variables, in the following format:
"export %s=%s\n", <name>, <value>
is set, and:
"export %s\n", <name>
The shell shall format the output, including the proper use of quoting, so that it is suitable for reinput to the shell as commands that achieve the same exporting results, except:
Read-only variables with values cannot be reset.
Variables that were unset at the time they were output need not be reset to the unset state if a value is assigned to the variable between the time the state was saved and the time at which the saved output is reinput to the shell.
When no arguments are given, the results are unspecified. If a variable assignment precedes the command name of export
but that variable is not also listed as an operand of export
, then that variable shall be set in the current shell execution environment after the completion of the export
command, but it is unspecified whether that variable is marked for export.
OPTIONS See the DESCRIPTION.
OPERANDS See the DESCRIPTION.
STDIN Not used.
INPUT FILES None.
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES None.
ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS Default.
STDOUT See the DESCRIPTION.
STDERR S The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.
OUTPUT FILES None.
EXTENDED DESCRIPTION None.
EXIT STATUS Zero.
CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
The following sections are informative.
APPLICATION USAGE None.
export PWD HOME
Set and export the PATH
Save and restore all exported variables:
export −p > temp-file
unset a lot of variables
RATIONALE Some historical shells use the no-argument case as the functional equivalent of what is required here with −p. This feature was left unspecified because it is not historical practice in all shells, and some scripts may rely on the now-unspecified results on their implementations. Attempts to specify the −p output as the default case were unsuccessful in achieving consensus. The −p option was added to allow portable access to the values that can be saved and then later restored using; for example, a dot script.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS None.
SEE ALSO Section 2.14
, Special Built-In Utilities
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 12.2
, Utility Syntax Guidelines
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .